Strawberry and bramble should be planted on deep, well drained loamy soils. They can be grown on sandy soils if irrigation and mulch are utilized to reduce moisture stress. 90% of the strawberry and bramble root system is in the top 20 inches of the soil-so proper fertilizer, urban compost and a sufficient supply of water is important. Heavy or poorly drained soil should be avoided as roots cannot tolerate a water saturated soil condition. Even areas which pond after it rains should be avoided as the super saturated condition will reduce vigor, increase disease problems and even cause death of the plant. Site should also receive full sun and have good air drainage. To avoid getting diseases from wild brambles, all wild brambles within 600 feet of planting should be removed.
Strawberry and bramble site should prepare at least one year prior to planting. Work to build up organic matter (urban compost) and eliminate perennial weeds. A PH (plant height) of 5.5 to 6.5 is desirable and the PH should not be below 5.5 or above 7 as serious problems will arise. Contact a local fertilizer supplier or Country Extension office for testing procedures, as well as the best way to amend your soil.
Sufficient amounts of water are needed for a healthy strawberry and bramble planting, but never stagnant water. Recently planted plants should be watered in well. Producing fields need up to two inches of water per week. This is especially true during fruit development and up to harvest. The use of mulch can help maintain and moderate fluctuations in available moisture, but may increase chances of developing root diseases.
Planting Site & Pruning
Site selection and preparation for strawberry and bramble is basically the same but pruning is very different.
Summer Topping: A necessary step in the production of these strawberry and bramble is summer topping. Topping consists of removing, by snapping off with the fingers or cutting with a pair of shears, the top 3″ or 4″ of the new shoots as they develop.
Removal of Fruited Canes
Normally, the canes of strawberry and bramble fruits die shortly after they have produced a crop. These canes can be removed after the harvest season.
Spring pruning is best done after the danger of severe freeze is past and before the buds begin to swell. To improve accessibility to the plants and reduce pruning labor costs, many commercial strawberry and bramble growers now use some type of mechanical hedging equipment to trim the top and sides of hedgerow plantings.
Bare Root (BR) and Nursery Matured (NM). All of our stock is from virus indexed mother stock and is produced to meet the highest standards. (BR) plants are the traditional method for selling strawberry and bramble.
The Advantages of strawberry and bramble Beds
Medium to heavy soils often lack the proper drainage needed to successfully grow strawberry and bramble varieties.
How to Grow Fall bearing strawberry and bramble
These varieties produce fruit on the tip of the primo cane each season. Grow for fall crop only for:
HIGHEST YIELD -Early maturing cultivars of strawberry and bramble. Fruit will ripen till hard frost. Season can be extended with solid set (irrigation) frost protection.
DISEASE CONTROL – The fungal diseases anthracnose, spur blight and cane blight should not be a problem in this system. If there were a problem, an application of lime sulfur over the top of the mowed canes will help to stop the disease cycle.